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  The oil complete on this bottle, instead of the standard double ring, indicates it might have been used for catsup in lieu of pepper sauce, nevertheless with no determining embossing or the first label - of which this bottle has neither - it is actually impossible to tell obviously.  Click on base graphic to check out these which reveals the M or W marking which might or might not be described as a makers marking; in all probability the latter.  (Shots courtesy of Janis Scalone.)

Dating summary/notes:  Gothic design and style sauce bottles are most commonly associated with historic sites that day within the interval spanning the late 1840s to early 1850s in the 1880s; the gothic sauce bottles pictured Listed here are normal of that era (Deiss 1981).  Glass coloration is nearly always aqua though once in a while other hues may be encountered from colorless or gentle amethyst (manganese dioxide de-colorized glass) to deep greens or blues (Switzer 1974; McKearin & Wilson 1978; Hawley 1998; Gerth 2006).

The pictured example to the appropriate can be an EXCELSIOR fifty percent gallon jar that was made by the Excelsior Glass Works (Pittsburgh, PA.) in business from 1859 to 1886 (Creswick 1987).  Click the following links For additional images of this jar:  view of the bottom rim and threaded finish; perspective of the complete EXCELSIOR fruit jar demonstrating The dearth of the abrupt shoulder ledge that standard Mason jars with the interval used because the sealing surface area.

  Probably the mostly encountered bottle on historic sites having a mouth-blown and tooled (usually of your "enhanced tooled" kind) external screw-thread finishes are ketchup/sauce bottles.

comm. 2007); near-up with the embossing; shut-up of your neck and complete exhibiting the distinctly molded external screw threads; impression of A further dim amethyst case in point.  Curtice Brothers was a significant ketchup and preserves developing company that started just after the Civil War and continued till at the least the late nineteen sixties.  They employed the pictured form of bottle from at the least the early 1890s in to the early to mid-twenties (Rinker 1968; Zumwalt 1980).  The almost similar Allen & Lewis bottle at the very best of this portion was most probably a regional imitative "knock-off" of your Curtice Brothers nationally well-known brand.

Barrel mustard bottles - based on glassmaker catalogs as well as authors empirical observations - are dominated by All those with 3 molded rings (aka staves, bands) higher than and down below the central label place, like the examples pictured here.  Other conformations starting from 2 to at the least 6 rings have also been noted in addition to some with vertical staves.  Most examples have rings which have been divided by a distinct Area, like the instance higher than left.  Mustard was also packaged in other styles of ceramic and glass bottles (examples discussed underneath) however the barrel shape is among the most intently associated with the product (Switzer 1974; Zumwalt 1980).

Another popular shape for olive oil bottles through the initial few a long time in the twentieth century had been tall, cylindrical sorts that were  similar to the cylindrical "fifth" sized liquor bottles in the period.  These came in a variety of measurements (not simply a "fifth" sized) though were being proportionally very similar to the liquor/whiskey bottles on the era, like the example at this link: ca.

  This item possible dates from between the late 1880s and 1900.  Variants of this sort cylindrical bottle/jar were being useful for a myriad of preserved foods from (or just before) the early 19th century (e.g., darkish olive inexperienced bottle pictured earlier mentioned) until finally nicely in to the twentieth century.  Jars made use of currently for pickled products and solutions trace their heritage to these type merchandise.  Click present day olive jar to view a late twentieth century manifestation which was used for olives, but is very similar to other bottles/jars employed for pickles and all kinds of other foodstuff products and solutions.  Click the next one-way links for more sights with the S. S. Pierce olive bottle: base check out; near-up with the shoulder, neck, and complete exhibiting the rather crudely used just one-portion end.

  Regular wax seal fruit jars ended up made by numerous makers in the Midwest and western Pennsylvania; the pictured example most certainly being produced by the Indianapolis Glass Functions (Indianapolis, IN.) between 1870 and 1877.  Aqua is definitely the mostly encountered glass coloration for wax seal fruit jars with shades of amber unusual together with other shades (shades of olive and real greens, cobalt blue, black glass) quite rarely noticed (Creswick 1987).

Even so, Lea & Perrins® bottles do have some rather specific dating parameters as follows.  Please Observe that these dating parameters pertain to bottles present in the U. S., not page Canada or other countries (Lunn 1981):

   (Pics from eBay®.)  The W. K. Lewis Organization commenced company about 1847 and continued right until not less than 1900 (Zumwalt 1980).  Click on the next hyperlinks to perspective extra photographs of the bottle:  foundation see displaying the iron or improved pontil mark; near-up from the shoulder, neck, and finish exhibiting the bead finish which was probably utilized not rolled as evidenced by the numerous glass "slop" on the upper neck.

The classification of food items (aka "culinary") bottles - such as fruit/canning jars - is One more really large group of bottles and jars with an exceedingly superior diploma of range of sizes and styles as shown in the impression over (Switzer 1974).  As with many of the other significant bottle variety classes included on this Web-site, the illustrations explained and illustrated on this Food items Bottles & Canning Jars typology web page comprise a quick overview and sampling of the variety of foods bottles made during the era lined by this Web site - the 19th century in the middle of the twentieth century.  One popular observer pointed out that "...bottles produced for foods are really quite a few and, in truth, constitute a significant portion of bottles designed.

See the introduction to this "Canning Jars" portion earlier mentioned for common manufacturing similar diagnostic dating facts for canning jars.

This portion on canning/fruit jars (generally just termed "canning jars" right here) is arranged by the most important characteristic of this extensive class: the sealing closure.

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